Lift stations are a necessary part of any septic or onsite wastewater treatment system that resides in an area where the gradient (or slope) doesn't allow for a natural downhill flow of sewage and waste. A lift station is used to pump the wastewater from a low level to a higher level where it can be stored and pumped out.
United Sewer & Septic is a septic and sewer services company based out of Middletown, NY and serving Orange County Rockland County, and Sullivan County, New York. We specialize in pumping out septic and sewer lift stations or pump stations.
How Does Your Lift Station Work?
If you have a lift station as part of your septic system, the sewage from your home or building is discharged into a pit. Once the pit fills up to a certain level it engages a float switch that recognizes the tank is full and it will pump the sewage out to it's next destination (usually uphill) in your system through a pressurized line. They are relatively simple systems but they must be maintained properly in order to keep working efficiently. Lift stations can be quite dangerous to work on if you are unfamiliar with the specific dangers that they pose.
Lift stations consist of two primary elements:
#1. Pump tank
#2. Controls and mechanical systems
The pump tank is a large basin into which the incoming sewage is discharged and where the actual septic pumps sit. The control panel acts as the brain of the lift station and keeps everything moving as it should for proper operation.
Components In Your Lift Station:
- Pump tank
- Screening or grinding system to remove coarser materials
- Pumps and compressors to "push" the waste water
- Associated valves to control the flow
- Electric motors to drive the pumps
- Power supply system
- Electrical controls and lift station alarm system
- Odor control and ventilation system
What Are Common Lift Station Failures?
We are often called out to pump lift stations that have had some type of mechanical or electrical failure. These are some of the most common lift station failures we see:
- Electrical control or component failure (they work in a highly corrosive environment)
- Valves stuck open or closed
- The pump has been clogged (usually grease, baby or flushable wipes or feminine hygiene products)
If the alarm in your lift station is going off, or you notice other symptoms of any of the above problems, then it's time to call a professional like United Sewer & Septic.
How Often Should Your Lift Station Be Pumped?
It is recommended that your pump tank be pumped out every year if it's for a residential system and every 6 months to 1 year if you have a commercial system. Regularly pumping out the solids will prevent any damage or increased wear on your pump, and keep the system working properly. It's wise to have your lift station inspected annually to spot potential problems before they arise and to address any maintenance issues that could extend the life of the system.
If you need to have your lift station inspected or pumped out please call (888) 845-2564 or fill out our online contact form and we will get back to you promptly to schedule a time to pump out your lift station.